The Challenges of Working From Home
by Wendy Stone, PhD, University of Washington, Department of Psychology http://uwreadilab.com
Depending on where you live and what’s happening with COVID-19, your family has likely had periods of time in which you’re all at home 24/7! If you’re working remotely or handling multiple other responsibilities and tasks, you’re naturally less able give children as much attention as they are used to, so, of course, it helps if they can play by themselves from time to time throughout the day.
It’s important that all young children learn what it means to wait for things they want, whether it’s playing a game with their brother or getting a tickle from their mom. And whether or not they have autism, children are still developing their understanding of time, so to them “five minutes” may feel like five hours! Spoken explanations can be helpful in describing the order of daily activities (“After lunch, we’ll go for a walk”), but they don’t work as well for children with communication challenges. That, of course, makes it hard for them to know what they’re supposed to be doing, where they’re supposed to be, and when they can play with other family members.
When children are older and have a better understanding of time, it’s easier for them to play on their own, which naturally lets you focus on other things! But until then, here are some suggestions for helping children with autism play more independently.
Use timers. Visual timers, such as those used in the kitchen, can help children understand how long they have to wait before getting a “daddy break.” For example, the timer can be set for 10 minutes while your child plays independently with blocks (he or she will probably check the timer now and then to see how much time is left!). The amount of time you set will depend on your child’s age and abilities; it’s usually best to start with shorter times and build slowly to longer times.
Use visual schedules. You can make a poster that shows the order of specific activities for the day, or for just part of the day. Use small cards on which you have written/drawn a simple word and icon for each activity. Arrange the cards from left to right to indicate the sequence of activities. For instance, 1. play with toys, 2. put toys away, 3. say hi to mom while she takes a work break, 4. watch a video, 5. play a game with brother, 6. lunchtime. With practice, many children will learn to move through the schedule independently, knowing that there will be times that they can visit you when you’re working.
Post a sign on the door of the room you’re working in (or just on the wall wherever you’re working) that looks like a stoplight to show when you’re free. Use a Velcro arrow or sticky clay to attach an arrow to the sign to indicate which color.
- Green: Come in!
- Yellow: Please knock first
- Red: I’m busy, please wait
Use other visual and physical reminders. These cues let children know where a certain activity should take place. For example, you can designate a specific area of the room as a “play space” by using bookshelves to define the space, using a rug or mat, or putting down masking tape to show the boundaries. This strategy will also encourage self-control.
Emphasize routines. A predictable order of events can lower children’s anxiety and increase their independence. Some examples of consistent routines that occur on a daily basis are washing our hands before meals, walking the dog after breakfast, and reading bedtime stories before going to sleep.
Offer rewards. Children can earn stars, stickers, or other special treats for following their schedule. If you put the stickers on a poster, children can see that if they earn a certain number of stickers, then they can get a special treat.